What Are Labor Unions

Unions Explained, the Pros and Cons

There are a lot of misconception surrounding unions. Politicians love to talk about unions, most showing support on the campaign trail. However, politicians rarely do anything with regards to unions. Some politicians are vocally opposed to unions noting the adverse affects a union might have on a business or the economy. Though for many Americans, there’s still a lot of confusion with regards to unions.

For almost a century, unions have been a major part of business in the United States.  Greatly benefiting from FDR’s New Deal economic policy, unions grew at extraordinary rates in the 1930s.  Today, labor unions are much different.  With manufacturing jobs having been shifted towards automation and some overseas, the union-heavy labor fields aren’t as big.  Still, millions of Americans belong to a trade union.

First off, it’s important to understand the definition of a union or trade union.  An organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, achieving higher pay and benefits such as health care and retirement, increasing the number of employees an employer assigns to complete the work, and better working conditions.

That definition is pretty straight-forwards and basic.  Additionally, there are two types of unions.  They are as follows;

Craft (or Trade) Union

Craft unions are typically independent of a particular organization or employer.  Craft unions consist of workers who specialize in a skill and profession.  Doctors and lawyers are part of craft unions.  Tests and a required skill set may be part of a craft union.

Industrial Union

Industrial unions consist of all workers that are in the same trade or work for the same employer.  They may not be skilled workers.  Often times, in industrial unions, all employees at a certain company are required to join a union.  This ensures that the union can control the supply of labor.

Unions can end up being controversial.  Different sides of the political spectrum have a different understanding of the pros and cons of unions.  If you’re economically conservative, you’ll probably see the cons more than the pros.  Conversely, if you’re economically liberal, the pros are probably more evident than the cons.  Both sides are right to some degree.  Unions have both helped workers and organizations while they’ve also done more harm than good.

Unions; the Pros

The main positive result attributed to unions is higher wages, better working conditions, and trade protection.

One major reason that workers decide to unionize is to avoid low wages and poor benefits.  When workers unionize, they can choose to strike or restrict the availability of labor until their employer meets their demands.  These demands can range from better health benefits or higher wages.

A second reason workers unionize is to campaign for better working conditions.  Better working conditions are not only beneficial to workers but also the employer.  Happy and motivated workers can perform better-reducing inefficiencies.

Unions; the Cons

Unions can end up causing adverse affects not only to businesses but also those in the union.  Large unions are often of the most concern to businesses.  Large unions, typically industrial unions, have an extraordinary amount influence on a business.  When large unions abuse their power, it can lead to higher wages, however, this could mean lower profits for the business.  Though unions will often get workers higher wages, the higher wages have effects on businesses.  These adverse effects could be reflected in layoffs and reduced profitability.

Additionally, some law firms and organizations have noted abuse by unionized workers.  Often times, unionized workers are protected and are very hard to terminate.  Therefore, some unionized workers take advantage of their employer.  Along the same lines, feeling immune from disciplinary action, some unionized workers by complete their job inefficiently.

The main concern with unions is that unionized labor will lead to an increase in costs and therefore, reduced revenue and profitability.

Overall

This post shows only a small portion of the union debate.  Unions are a complex issue.  On one hand, they are able to advocate for living wages, better working conditions, and increased benefits.  At the same time, inefficient and reduced revenue can arise from unionized workers.

The Most Common Types of Lawyers

The 5 Most Common Types of Lawyers

Not all lawyers are the same.  Not only are some lawyers and law firms better than others but not all lawyers can represent a crime or issue.  Estate lawyers can’t represent a client accused of domestic abuse and a criminal defense attorney can’t draft a will.  We’ve compiled a list of the most common types of lawyers and attorneys.

The Most Common Types of Lawyers
The Most Common Types of Lawyers

Personal Injury Lawyer

Personal injury lawyers represent clients who have been injured or involved in accidents.  Personal injury lawyers work to earn clients compensation from individuals or organizations.  Common injuries that personal injury attorneys are called upon to represent clients include car accidents, misdiagnosed illness, or workplace injuries.  Personal injury lawyers take a pre-determined percentage of any compensation won as a result of their representation in court.

Real Estate Lawyers
Real Estate Lawyers

Estate Lawyer

Most families or individuals will hire an estate lawyer.  Estate lawyers organize an individual’s or household’s assets prior to death or critical injury.  College trusts and wills are drafted by estate lawyers.

Divorce Lawyers
Divorce Lawyers

Divorce Lawyers

Each party in a divorce will end up calling upon a divorce lawyer.  Divorce lawyer’s main priority is to get their client the most assets possible.  Occasionally, divorce lawyers not only work towards getting assets but also custody of children.

Criminal Defense Lawyers
Criminal Defense Lawyers

Criminal Defense Lawyers

Criminal defense lawyers or criminal defense attorneys represent those who have been wrongly convicted of a crime.  Crimes include drug-related violations, domestic abuse, murder, assault, and federal crimes. The main goal criminal defense attorneys work toward is a not guilty verdict or the least amount of jail time or fines possible.

Business Lawyers
Business Lawyers

Corporate Lawyers

Corporate lawyers deal with a variety of issues.  These issues can range from mergers to working with unions.  On the business side of things, corporate lawyers work on forming companies, acquiring other companies, and mergers.  On the employee side, corporate lawyers will work with individual employees or unions.

What’s The Best Loan Origination Software?

Searching for the right Loan Software

Many lenders only begin looking for new loan origination software when they begin to have problems with their current LOS. Lenders have either spent so much time waiting on updates, creating workarounds for non-customizable issues, or their loan origination system no longer functions for their business model.

There are ways to avoid these software issues, if you get the right system in the first place, there should be no problems down the road. Therefore, when searching for either your first loan origination solution or completely new loan origination software, you should never forgo the research process.

It’s important in this new age of technology to do as much research as you can—maximizing results while trying to minimize time spent.

When you’re looking at new loan origination solutions for your businesses, make sure you keep these questions in mind so you get the right system in place from the start.

What is the Best Loan Origination Software?
What is the Best Loan Origination Software?

Does the system allow for a good partnership?

This should never be forfeited for a cheaper price or flashy system. A long-term partnership where a team knows and understands your business strengths and weaknesses helps whoever you choose to ensure clients get the attention they desire and the support they need.

Does it deliver speed to market?

Speed to market is an important element because getting your business back on track quickly is essential.

Is it a secure system?

It is extremely detrimental to business if a customer’s data is compromised. Not only is there sensitive and private information out there causing damage to the customer, but your company looks ill-equipped to deal with the realities of modern cyber security. Many loan origination software providers will use things like highly redundant data centers when dealing with clients.

PCI compliance is also important. PCI compliance is 12 requirements businesses must meet to ensure the security of customer and client data. They are in place to protect stored data and minimize vulnerabilities when it comes to unauthorized data access.

Does the system adapt to your company?

Nearly every lender varies in how they run their business. Choose a LOS that allows for basic needs and adds the right amount of customization to ensure clients have a perfect solution specific to their business. Choose a platform can grow with your business. Does it offer easily adaptable new features? Can their systems keep up with the growth of your lending demand?

What sort of technical and customer service options are available with the software?

Thankfully, many companies are starting to see the customer demand for outstanding customer service. Many software companies assign a designated Project Manager who will learn about the customer’s lending process and assist them with their ongoing needs. Make sure you know if you’ll have dedicated service or if you’ll be stuck waiting for a random call center representative who doesn’t know your business.

Fitbit’s smartwatch: all of the news and rumors

It’s no secret that Fitbit is hard at work on its new smart wearable. And since its purchase of Pebble in 2016, expectations for what’s next from the popular fitness company have risen exponentially.

Looking back on its last effort, the Fitbit Blaze, fitness tech aficionados have clamored for something more. Something that continues to track the usual batch of workouts and activities, but does so while bringing along a unique batch of apps, quirky watchfaces and with a design that rivals premium smartwatches from the likes of Apple, LG, Samsung and more.

But will it deliver? It’s still a little too early to say with certainty, especially since reports suggest that the device has had a troubled development. However, Fitbit’s track record is solid, even if some of its recent devices haven’t really rocked the wearables world from an innovation perspective.

Here’s everything we know about Fitbit’s next smartwatch, including news and rumors. 

Cut to the chase

  • What is it? Fitbit’s sophomore smartwatch effort
  • When is it out? Reportedly delayed from Spring to an autumnal launch
  • How much will it cost? Realistically, anywhere from $199 to $299 (about £231)

Fitbit watch price and release date

We’ve known since the that Fitbit is working on a full-fat smartwatch, but we’ve only learned recently that its projected Spring launch target has instead stumbled into late 2017, closely aligning with whatever Apple has planned for its autumn event.

However, this reported delay hasn’t stopped us from thinking about .

But just how much could such a smartwatch cost you? Given that the Fitbit Blaze launched at $199 (about £153), then soon after worked down to where it is now, at about $149, there’s a slim, but ever-present possibility that the smartwatch will land for a similar price. It’s much more likely that it will be $50 or up to $100 above the cost of the Blaze, at most. 

The Fitbit Blaze

Fitbit watch news and rumors

What we know to be true: Fitbit is currently working on a new smartwatch. Things we do not know: a lot of stuff about it, though this has changed of late.

Just recently, we might have gotten our first look at the Fitbit smartwatch, which is supposedly donned with the code name “Higgs”. What’s there to parse from a code name like that?

Credit: Yahoo Finance

Thankfully, the leaked render above gives us a pretty clear idea of how Fitbit’s next smart wearable may come together.

It’s rather easy to see how the Blaze and this Higgs render fall from the same tree. Many of its physical features look similar to that of the Blaze, but it’s all more refined looking around every corner.

We’ve heard reports that this wearable will feature swappable bands, a classic Fitbit move. In addition, sources say Fitbit’s upcoming smartwatch hosts a full color screen with 1,000 nits of brightness, an aluminum body and built-in GPS.

While it’s unclear how Fitbit’s smart, touch-based operating system has matured since the Blaze, there’s no question that its Pebble acquisition will likely result in a big improvement. At best, Higgs will be the most intuitive Fitbit model yet.

Additionally, the smartwatch is said to also allow mobile payment, music playback through Pandora, and, of course, heart-rate monitoring.

We’ll keep this section updated as more news, both confirmed and unconfirmed, comes through.
 

Facebook Starts Private Fundraiser Instruments To Aid Consumers Raise Income, Nevertheless Itis Rather Restricted For The Time Being: COMPUTER: Computer Times

Facebook is putting a GoFundMe clone to increase its selection of online fundraising resources, presenting help for individual fundraisers.

With individual fundraisers, Facebook desires to permit people to boost cash for your causes that subject many for them, whether or not they require finances for themselves, a buddy, a charity, or another thing.

Facebook Private Fundraisers

the newest individual fundraising resources may help Facebook people to boost resources for private issues and different different situations including disaster scenarios, funerals, medical bills, college fees, and whatnot. Additionally, Facebook Websites is now able to put in a “donate” switch with their live shows around the software, hence raising their potential to acquire help.

Facebook Pages can add 'donate' buttons on Live Video

(Photo : Facebook) Facebook Websites could include ‘donate’ links on Live Movie

“Whenever individuals muster round the causes they worry about, it generates a secure and helpful neighborhood,” says Facebook. “Your charitable giving resources have managed to get simple for visitors to boost huge amount of money for non-profits to guide these in need entirely on Facebook.”

for all those new to Facebookis exercise to the fundraiser landscape, the organization has produced many attempts sofar. In 2015, as an example, it presented a just like Kickstarter, enabling non-profits to create strategy websites, express their targets, and raise cash. The organization widened its fundraising resources a year ago to permit specific people to boost resources for charitable corporations.

These initiatives provided the best way to the most recent function – individual fundraisers – to permit specific people to boost cash for themselves or others even though the trigger isn’t associated with a non-profit or charity.

these kind of online activities happen to be steadily increasing terrain also it is practical for Facebook to increase such fundraiser resources to your greater user-base, but individual fundraiser on Facebook continues to be not a lot of for the present time.

Facebook Private Fundraising Constraints

for Your moment being, Facebook is simply releasing individual fundraisers in beta within the next couple weeks. The various tools is likely to be accessible just inside the Usa and just for people aged 18 and older.

in The same moment, the private fundraisers have just six classes in the beginning:

1. Knowledge (which could protect tuition charges, costs associated with textbooks or class products, an such like)

2. Medical (bills for different methods, surgery, and therapies)



3. Puppy medical (to cover bills for professional methods and cure)

4. Disaster aid (in circumstances of the public situation, natural catastrophe and such)

5. Private crisis (like a car wreck, household fireplace, or lack of house because of robbery)

6. Memorial and reduction (can address funeral charges and existing charges after shedding a family member)

Facebook aims to increase the set of accessible classes with time, because it controls to automate a bigger a part of its assessment procedure. For the time being, nevertheless, individual fundraisers may release just for these six classes as well as the remainder will probably be determined by the way the beta moves.

Facebook Private Fundraiser: How It Functions

much like additional fundraising resources, Facebookis individual fundraisers is likely to be very easy and user friendly. Consumers visiting somebodyis individual fundraising campaign could have choices to ask additional pals, discuss the strategy, or press the orange “give” switch to provide cash righton your website.

© 2017 Computer Situations, All rights reserved.

Destiny 2 release date slated for September, and it’s coming to PC

After dropping a teaser on us yesterday, Destiny 2 is now a bonafide “thing” with a full reveal trailer and details on the game’s preorder incentives, release date, and platforms.

The sequel to Bungie’s 2014 multiplayer shooter hits store shelves September 8 and will be available for the PS4, Xbox One, and PC.

The latter is a pleasant surprise, even if it’s not thaaat much a shock, as PC players were left out of the original Destiny’s release when it came out for the Xbox 360, Xbox One, PS3, and PS4.

Though no gameplay was shown, the debut trailer for Destiny 2 sets up a dire scenario where scattered, beaten Guardians must reunite for to push back the forces of evil aiming to take over their home. 

Of course, gathering loot is also on the table, as promised by the quippy, Nathan Fillion-voiced Vanguard, Cayde-6.

Eager beavers committed to another tour of Destiny’s blend of FPS and MMO hijinks can preorder the game now and recieve a headstart on the game’s beta as a bonus. 

Those waiting to actually see the game in action before dropping cash won’t have the wait long, as Bungie teases the “first opportunity to see Guardians in action” will be on May 18.   

Windows 10 Creators Update Release Date Confirmed For April 11: Top Features To Expect : TECH : Tech Times

Microsoft has officially confirmed that the next major Windows update, known as Windows 10 Creators Update, will start rolling out on April 11 to customers worldwide.

Like with last year’s Windows 10 Anniversary Update, which rolled out in August, the Creators Update will see a throttled release that will likely stretch over a few months.

The update will arrive after several months of beta tests, leaks, and bits of information teasing new features, and will mark the second major update to Windows 10 since the OS launched back in July 2015.

Windows 10 Creators Update: Top Features To Expect

The Windows 10 Creators Update will bring a host of new features to the table, including notable changes to Microsoft’s Edge browser, more features for touch screen-enabled devices, enhancements for gaming on Windows 10, and more.

As the name itself suggests, the Creators Update will also feature new tools for users who make and consume media on their Windows 10 PC. Such tools include a new Paint3D app to add some cool new tricks to the classic drawing tool.

“[W]e want Windows to be the place you love to create and play, with the tools to help you make your mark on the world,” says Microsoft.

Paint 3D

The new Paint 3D app will be among the top features of the Creators Update, enabling users to capture 3D images on their phones and then edit and print them in 3D.

Microsoft points out that since we live in a multi-dimensional world, 2D tools no longer suffice and 3D allows users to better express themselves and communicate their ideas. At the same time, the company highlights that the 3D industry is estimated to surge by more than 62 percent by 2020 and the Windows 10 Creators Update will allow anyone to create, experience, and share in 3D.

The original Microsoft Paint has been among the world’s most popular creation tools with more than 100 million users per month, and the new Paint 3D aims to take things to the next level.

Mixed Reality

The upcoming Windows 10 Creators Update will also put a heavy focus on what Microsoft calls mixed reality, which aims to combine the physical and virtual worlds. A number of companies such as Asus, HP, Dell, Acer, and Lenovo will launch the first Windows mixed reality-enabled headsets with the Creators Update later this year. Designed with affordability in mind, these handsets will start at just $299.

Gaming Improvements

Microsoft wants to make Xbox the go-to place for gamers to create and play across Windows 10 and Xbox One, so it’s building a unified experience across consoles and PCs with Xbox Live and Xbox Play Anywhere. Gamers can purchase a game once and enjoy it on both their PC and Xbox One.

The update will bring Beam to the table, which will allow Creators to stream live gaming sessions to their Xbox Live friends straight into the Game DVR tool of Windows 10. At the same time, a new Game Mode will optimize the resources of your device to maximize gaming performance and reduce frame rate hiccups when you need more horsepower. Once enabled, Game Mode can work its magic on any game.



Microsoft Edge Improvements

Microsoft further boasts that its Edge browser is designed to be the best for Windows 10, as it’s safer than Google Chrome while delivering superior battery life. According to the company, Edge blocks 9 percent more phishing sites and 13 percent more malware than Chrome, and it’s also faster and more power-efficient.

With the Windows 10 Creators Update, Edge will get even better with new features such as advanced tab management, e-books, and more, touts Microsoft. Moreover, Edge is the only browser capable of playing Netflix content in 4K UHD.

Windows 10 Privacy And Security

Microsoft says that Windows 10 is the most secure enterprise platform, offering advanced protection against various risks such as malware, ransomware, and others.

The Creators Update will bring a new service called Windows Defender Security Center, aiming to make it easier to keep tabs on security. The service will offer a single dashboard for all security options so that users have everything in one place.

A new Device Health Advisor will offer details on the state of your device, while new settings will offer more control when it comes to installing applications. The Creators Update will also bring new tools and functionality to make IT simpler for business customers.

Lastly, Windows 10 privacy has been somewhat of a sore spot, but the Creators Update will make it easier to manage privacy settings in Windows 10 and other Microsoft services. A new privacy dashboard will allow for easy management across multiple Microsoft devices to handle privacy matters.

These are just the top highlights the Creators Update will boast, but there are a lot more features and improvements in the mix and they’ll start rolling out soon enough.

© 2017 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

Get 50GB free VPN bandwidth every month for life

A virtual private network (VPN) is a convenient way to protect your privacy by redirecting your online activity through secure remote servers. Free VPNs typically give you as little as 500MB per month, but Canadian provider Windscribe is giving new users an impressive 50GB every month for life.

To get started, visit Windscribe’s signup page and click ‘Use for free’. Enter a username and password, then click ‘Have a voucher’ and enter the code 50GBFREE.

You’ll see a confirmation message informing you that you have 10GB of data – don’t worry, the full 50GB will appear in your account overview.

Once that’s done, download the client and log in. Then just select a country from the drop-down list, flick the switch and start browsing.

Use the code 50GBFREE to get five times the usual data allowance when you register with Windscribe

If you want unlimited VPN bandwidth, check out our guide to the 10 best VPN services 2017

Got A Hangover? Yale Students Think They Have The Cure : HEALTH : Tech Times

Two Yale students have addressed the very common problem of hangovers and created a remedy based on the chemical reactions that take place in the human body when drinking.

The anti-hangover formula is called SunUp. The supplement is entirely natural and it comes in a powder form that consumers have to dissolve in water before drinking. It has a citrus taste, which makes it easier to administer. However, people should drink it before the crazy night out.

Scientific Hangover Remedy, With A Natural Formula

Margaret Morse, a molecular, cellular, and developmental biology Major at Yale and Liam McClintock, a D1 athlete involved in the Greek life at Yale are the scientists who developed the product.

The ingredients work together to break down toxic molecules in the liver, balancing the glutamine levels and arming the body with electrolytes. This all-in-one formula provides people who enjoy drinking with the necessary uplift to prevent a hangover.

According to the two creators of the hangover remedy, their efforts were divided into a two-step process. The first step involved learning about the physiological effects that alcohol has on the body and reading all of the scientific literature on what causes the symptoms of hangover. The second step was to find compounds and nutrients that have been proven effective in combatting processes that lead to hangovers.

“Although scientists are still trying to fully understand hangovers, there are four main contributors that have been identified by scientific research: acetaldehyde buildup, glutamine rebound, immunologic disturbances, and vitamin and electrolyte loss,” notes the researchers’ paper.

The students’ campaign is seeking $20,000 and has already secured $18,393 — more than 90 percent of the target fund. For a $5 pledge, every consumer will receive one packet of SunUp. The product will ship April 2017. Its ingredients have each been tested individually in independent studies, which prove their capability of improving alcohol clearance, as well as active defense against alcohol toxicity.

SunUp adds extra vitamins and electrolytes to the body, which eliminates the poignant feeling of fatigue that follows every night out. The product breaks down the acetaldehyde molecule, which is 30 times more toxic to the body than alcohol itself.

“We are passionate about ending hangovers and increasing productivity. This project aims to launch our patent-pending anti-hangover formula, making it available for retail with professional packaging and flavoring,” notes the Indiegogo page of the project.

Hangovers, Highly Expensive For The U.S.

Hangovers cost the United States approximately $223.5 in 2006, or approximately $1.9 per drink, according to data provided by the CDC.

The costs resulted from a different series of factors. The most important and expensive one is workplace productivity dropping because of excessive alcohol consumption, which accounted for 72 percent of the total cost.

Health care expenses were responsible for 11 percent of the total costs, while law enforcement and criminal justice expenses cost the American state 9 percent of the more than $223 billion. Last, but not least, motor vehicle crashes costs accounted for 6 percent of the total amount.



Additionally, binge drinking was reported by 18 percent of the adults in the United States.

© 2017 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

2017 Sony World Photography Awards announces Open winners

The World Photography Awards is celebrating a decade-long partnership with headline sponsor, Sony, with the aim of the awards being to recognize and reward the very best contemporary photography captured over the last year.

The awards incorporate four competitions – Professional, Open, Youth and Student Focus – with the overall winners of the 2017 Sony World Photography Awards announced on April 20.

In the build-up to the awards next month, the winners of the Open (amateur) categories have been announced.

Whittling the winners down from more than 105,000 entries, the expert panel of judges looking for the best single photographs across 10 categories picked the following winners:

  • Architecture – Tim Cornbill (UK)
  • Culture – Jianguo Gong (China)
  • Enhanced – Lise Johansson (Denmark)
  • Motion – Camilo Diaz (Colombia)
  • Nature – Hiroshi Tanita (Japan)
  • Portraits – Alexander Vinogradov (Russia)
  • Still Life – Sergey Dibtsev (Russia)
  • Street Photography – Constantinos Sofikitis (Greece)
  • Travel – Ralph Gräf (Germany)
  • Wildlife – Alessandra Meniconzi (Switzerland)

Each winning photographer will receive a Sony Alpha A7 II kit, and will now compete to win the title of Sony World Photography Awards’ Open Photographer of the Year title.

The winner will also earn a trip to the winners’ awards ceremony in London in April and $5,000 prize. You can see more images and learn more about the competition at the World Photography Organisation website.

Image 1 of 10

© Tim Cornbill, United Kingdom, 1st Place, Open, Architecture, 2017 Sony World Photography Awards

Image 2 of 10

© Jianguo Gong, China, 1st Place, Open, Culture, 2017 Sony World Photography Awards

Image 3 of 10

© Lise Johansson, Denmark, 1st Place, Open, Enhanced, 2017 Sony World Photography Awards

Image 4 of 10

© Camilo Diaz, Colombia, 1st Place, Open, Motion, 2017 Sony World Photography Awards

Image 5 of 10

© Hiroshi Tanita, Japan, 1st Place, Open, Nature, 2017 Sony World Photography Awards

Image 6 of 10

© Alexander Vinogradov, Russian Federation, 1st Place, Open, Portraits (Open), 2017 Sony World Photography Awards

Image 7 of 10

© Sergey Dibtsev, Russian Federation, 1st Place, Open, Still Life (open), 2017 Sony World Photography Awards

Image 8 of 10

© Constantinos Sofikitis, Greece, 1st Place, Open, Street Photography, 2017 Sony World Photography Awards

Image 9 of 10

© Ralph Gräf, Germany, 1st Place, Open, Travel, 2017 Sony World Photography Awards

Image 10 of 10

© Alessandra Meniconzi, Switzerland, 1st Place, Open, Wildlife, 2017 Sony World Photography Awards

Exhibition

The winners of the Open categories will be shown at the Sony World Photography Awards 2017 Exhibition, held at Somerset House, London. 

The show opens on April 21 and runs until the May 7, with the exhibition showcasing all the winning, shortlisted (top 10) and commended (top 50) images drawn from more than 227,000 entries that have been entered from 183 countries. 

It will also feature a special dedication to British photographer Martin Parr, recipient of the Outstanding Contribution to Photography prize.